New Philadelphia Archaeology Project

2013 Archaeology Report for 2008-2011

August 20, 2013

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This report was written and edited by Dr. Anna Agbe-Davies of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Kathryn Fay of the University of Illinois, with contributions from each of the collaborating researchers listed in each chapter of this report.

This report on research and educational activities in the period of 2004-2011 is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Nos. 0353550 and 0752834. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in these materials are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Research results in this report were also developed in part under a grant from the National Park Service and the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training. This report's contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the National Park Service and the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training. We are also very grateful for the generous support of the University of Illinois' Research Board.

Organizations participating in this research include:
        University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
        University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign and Springfield
        Illinois State Museum
        University of Iowa
        University of Maryland
        The Archaeological Conservancy
        New Philadelphia Association

Table of Contents

    1.  Introduction,
         by Anna S. Agbe-Davies, Christopher Fennell, and Terrance J. Martin

         Research and Related Developments Preceding the 2011 Excavation Season
         2008-2010 Research Activities
         Overview of 2011 Research and Educational Activities
         Roadmap of Chapters
         References Cited

    2.  Background History,
         by Kathryn Fay and Paul Shackel

         Early Settlement of Illinois
         Frank McWorter
         New Philadelphia: Frontier Town
         References Cited

    3.  Excavation and Analysis Methods,
         by Kathryn Fay and Paul Shackel

         Survey and Excavation Techniques
         Lab Work and Analysis Methods
         References Cited

    4.  Block 3, Lot 4,
         by Megan Bailey, Christopher Fennell, and Terrance Martin

         References Cited

    5.  Block 7, Lot 1,
         by Christopher Fennell and Christopher Valvano

         References Cited

    6.  Block 8, Lots 1-2,
         by Anna S. Agbe-Davies

         Schoolhouse Research Background
         References Cited

    7.  Block 12, Lots 3 and 4,
         by Anna S. Agbe-Davies

         References Cited

    8.  Block 13, Lot 4,
         by Kathryn Fay, George Calfas, M. Kathryn Rocheford, and Paul Shackel

         References Cited

    9.  King Street, North of Block 8,
         by Anna S. Agbe-Davies

         Comparative Survey Findings
         Excavation Results
         References Cited

    10.  New Philadelphia National Historic Landmark Designation,
         by Charlotte King

         Archaeological Significance
         National Historic Landmark Qualifications
         National Historic Landmark Dedication Ceremony
         Additional Preservation Efforts
         National Park Service Feasibility Study
         References Cited

    11.  Animal Remains from the New Philadelphia Site (11PK455),
           Pike County, Illinois: 2008-2011 Seasons,
         by Terrance J. Martin, Amanda Burtt, and Kaila A. Akina

         Block 13, Lots 3 and 4
         Block 3, Lot 4
         Block 7, Lot 1
         References Cited

    12.  Status of Geoarchaeological Investigations
           at New Philadelphia Historical Landmark,
         by M. Kathryn Rocheford

         Trench Excavation
         Giddings Cores
         The 2011 NSF-REU Field Season
         Future Research
         References Cited

    13.  Surveys and Comparative Findings,
         by Christopher C. Fennell, Anna S. Agbe-Davies, and Claire Fuller Martin

         Geophysical Surveys
         Core Sampling of Terraces West of Broad Way
         Coring Anomalies
         Shovel Test Pit Surveys
         LiDAR Survey and Analysis in 2010-2011
         Aerial LiDAR Survey Methods
         References Cited

    14.  Unit Summaries
         Block 8, Lot 1 Shovel Test Pits
         Block 8 Units
         Block 12 Units
         Block 13, Lot 4 Units
         References Cited

    Appendix.  Media and Conference Outreach Activities

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